Passive Voice/ Kalimat Pasif

Kita menggunakan Bentuk kalimat Active untuk menyatakan perbuatan subject.

  • He drove the car yesterday.
  • I clean my house once a week

Kita menggunakan bentuk kalimat Passive untuk menyatakan apa yang terjadi pada subject.

  • The car was driven by somebody else yesterday.
  • The house was cleaned only yesterday

Kadang ketika kita menggunakan kalimat Passive, kita tidak mengetahui siapa pelakunya.

  • My watch was made in Switzerland.
  • My car has been damaged.

Kadang kita tahu siapa pelakunya tetapi tidak sepenting dengan apa yang dilakukan.

  • It was sent by Harry yesterday.
  • I was told by Sarah.

Kita sering menggunakan kalimat passive untuk membawakan topik yang menarik di depan kalimat.

  • The vegetables are all grown by local farmers.
  • This door should be replaced when you have time.

Perhatikan bahwa bentuk yang benar adalah: ‘ I was born’ (bukan ‘I am born’).

  • I was born in 1987
  • You were born in the same year as me.

Perhatikan bahwa bentuk passive dari ‘doing‘  adalah ‘being done’.

  • I don’t like you staring at me.
  • I don’t like being stared at.
  • I hate people talking to me in clubs.
  • I hate being talked to in clubs.

Ketika peristiwa terjadi atau berubah, dan khususnya dalam bahasa tidak formal, terutama bahasa Inggris, anda bisa menggunakan kata ‘get‘ daripada ‘be‘ dalam bentuk kalimat passive.

  • There was an accident but nobody was hurt
  • There was an accident but nobody got hurt
  • I was offered the job but I didn’t take it.
  • I got offered the job but I didn’t take it.
Taken from: http://www.english-grammar-lessons.com/ for original English version. Translated by David Haris

About deftleon
Hi, I'm originally from Padang & I love to make friends. I was born in Bukitinggi, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia,(the country that I love most). I love Islam, Allah and Muhammad Salallahu Wa'alaihi Wassalam. Right now, I am working as English Teacher in a private senior high school in Bogor. And I enjoy it.

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