Relative Pronouns/Kata Ganti Penghubung (Part 2)

Bogor, 7 November 2011. David Haris.

Relative Pronouns atau Kata Ganti Penghubung adalah kata ganti yang menghubungkan antara dua klausa yang menunjukan keterkaitan antara klausa pertama dan kedua, dengan cara menggabungkan keduanya menjadi satu kalimat. Fungsinya adalah mengambarkan kata yang menjadi fokus dalam kalimat tersebut. Ini ditunjukkan oleh klausa kedua yang menggunakan subject pronoun (he,she,it, they,we I ,you ) atau object pronoun (him, her,its, their, me, your) atau possessive pronoun (his, her(s), its, their(s), my/mine, your(s)). Oleh karena itu, kata ganti tersebut kemudian di ubah menjadi Kata Ganti Penghubung (relative pronoun).

Perhatikan contoh-contoh di bawah ini:

Kata yang di beri boldface adalah kata yang menjadi fokus

Ex:

1. People as the subject (Who/That)

–          The man is my teacher.

–          He got an accident last night.

He got an accident last night.

The man who/that got an accident last night is my teacher.

2. People as the object (whom)

–          The boy is my neighbor’s son.

–          You met him at the restaurant yesterday.

You met him at the restaurant yesterday

The boy whom you met at the restaurant yesterday is my neighbor’s son

3. Things (that/which)

–          I like the house.

–          It has a swimming pool.

It has a swimming pool.

I like the house that/which has a swimming pool.

4. Possession (whose/of which)

–          The woman was hospitalized this morning.

–          Her son was found guilty in a murder case.

–          Her son was found guilty in a murder case.

The woman whose/of which son was found guilty was hospitalized this morning.

Written By David Haris

About deftleon
Hi, I'm originally from Padang & I love to make friends. I was born in Bukitinggi, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia,(the country that I love most). I love Islam, Allah and Muhammad Salallahu Wa'alaihi Wassalam. Right now, I am working as English Teacher in a private senior high school in Bogor. And I enjoy it.

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